Antioxidant and antiapoptotic effects of green tea polyphenols against azathioprine-induced liver injury in rats

Hesham A. El-Beshbishy, Ola M. Tork, Mohamed F. El-Bab, Mohamed A. Autifi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Green tea polyphenols (GTP) is considered to have protective effects against several diseases. The hepatotoxicity of azathioprine (AZA) has been reported and was found to be associated with oxidative damage. This study was conducted to evaluate the role of GTP to protect against AZA-induced liver injury in rats. AZA was administered i.p. in a single dose (50mgkg-1) to adult male rats. AZA-intoxicated rats were orally administered GTP (either 100mgkg-1day-1 or 300mgkg-1day-1, for 21 consecutive days, started 7 days prior AZA injection). AZA administration to rats resulted in significant elevation of serum transaminases (sALT and sAST), alkaline phosphatase (sALP), depletion of hepatic reduced glutathione (GSH), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx), accumulation of oxidized glutathione (GSSG), elevation of lipid peroxides (LPO) expressed as malondialdehyde (MDA), reduction of the hepatic total antioxidant activity (TAA), decrease serum total proteins and elevation of liver protein carbonyl content. Significant rises in liver tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and caspase-3 levels were noticed in AZA-intoxicated rats. Treatment of the AZA-intoxicated rats with GTP significantly prevented the elevations of sALT, sAST and sALP, inhibited depletion of hepatic GSH, GPx, CAT and GSSG and inhibited MDA accumulation. Furthermore, GTP had normalized serum total proteins and hepatic TAA, CAT, TNF-α and caspase-3 levels of AZA-intoxicated rats. In addition, GTP prevented the AZA-induced apoptosis and liver injury as indicated by the liver histopathological analysis. The linear regression analysis showed significant correlation in either AZA-GTP100 or AZA-GTP300 groups between TNF-α and each of serum ALT, AST, ALP and total proteins and liver TAA, GPX, CAT, GSH, GSSG, MDA and caspase-3 levels. However, liver TNF-α produced non-significant correlation with the serum total proteins in both AZA-GTP100 and AZA-GTP300 groups. In conclusion, our data indicate that GTP protects against AZA-induced liver injury in rats through antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antiapoptotic mechanisms. However, further merit investigations are needed to verify these results and to assess the efficacy of GTP therapy to counteract the liver injury and oxidative stress status.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-135
Number of pages11
JournalPathophysiology
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2011

Fingerprint

Azathioprine
Polyphenols
Tea
Antioxidants
Liver
Wounds and Injuries
Glutathione Disulfide
Catalase
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Malondialdehyde
Caspase 3
Blood Proteins
Glutathione Peroxidase
Alkaline Phosphatase
Lipid Peroxides
Transaminases
Serum
Glutathione
Linear Models

Keywords

  • Azathioprine
  • Caspase-3
  • Green tea polyphenols
  • Liver injury
  • Oxidative stress
  • Tumor necrosis factor-α

Cite this

El-Beshbishy, Hesham A. ; Tork, Ola M. ; El-Bab, Mohamed F. ; Autifi, Mohamed A. / Antioxidant and antiapoptotic effects of green tea polyphenols against azathioprine-induced liver injury in rats. In: Pathophysiology. 2011 ; Vol. 18, No. 2. pp. 125-135.
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Antioxidant and antiapoptotic effects of green tea polyphenols against azathioprine-induced liver injury in rats. / El-Beshbishy, Hesham A.; Tork, Ola M.; El-Bab, Mohamed F.; Autifi, Mohamed A.

In: Pathophysiology, Vol. 18, No. 2, 01.04.2011, p. 125-135.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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