Autism in Saudi Arabia: PresentatioN, Clinical Correlates and Comorbidity

Saleh M. al-Salehi, Elham H. al-Hifthy, Mohammad Ghaziuddin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although autism is a global disorder, relatively little is known about its presentation and occurrence in many developing countries, such as Saudi Arabia. This article describes the reasons for referral and clinical characteristics of a sample of 49 children (37 males and 12 females) diagnosed with an autistic spectrum disorder at a tertiary referral center in Saudi Arabia. The diagnosis of autism was based on DSM-IV criteria supplemented by information obtained from parent and child interviews, rating scales, and examination of school and hospital records. Females were older than males at the time of referral. Eleven patients had a history of seizure disorder and one patient had a chromosome abnormality. Twenty-five patients were taking psychotropic medications and 14 patients were the product of consanguineous marriages. Clinical and research implications of these findings are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)340-347
Number of pages8
JournalTranscultural Psychiatry
Volume46
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2009

Fingerprint

Saudi Arabia
comorbidity
Autistic Disorder
autism
Comorbidity
seizure
parents
medication
Referral and Consultation
marriage
developing country
examination
Hospital Records
history
interview
Marriage
Tertiary Care Centers
Chromosome Aberrations
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
school

Keywords

  • Asperger syndrome
  • Autism
  • comorbidity
  • pervasive developmental disorders
  • Saudi Arabia

Cite this

al-Salehi, Saleh M. ; al-Hifthy, Elham H. ; Ghaziuddin, Mohammad. / Autism in Saudi Arabia : PresentatioN, Clinical Correlates and Comorbidity. In: Transcultural Psychiatry. 2009 ; Vol. 46, No. 2. pp. 340-347.
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Autism in Saudi Arabia : PresentatioN, Clinical Correlates and Comorbidity. / al-Salehi, Saleh M.; al-Hifthy, Elham H.; Ghaziuddin, Mohammad.

In: Transcultural Psychiatry, Vol. 46, No. 2, 01.01.2009, p. 340-347.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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