Comparative study on the essential oils of Artemisia judaica and A. herba-alba from Saudi Arabia

Lamya H.Naser Al-Wahaibi, Adeem Mahmood, Merajuddin Khan, Hamad Z. Alkhathlan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The volatile chemical constituents derived from two Asteraceae species (Artemisia judaica and A. herba-alba) were analyzed and compared for the first time using gas chromatography techniques (GC–MS, GC–FID, Co-GC, LRI determination, database and literature searches) on two different stationary phase columns (polar and nonpolar). This analysis led to the identification of a total of 110 and 81 components from whole plant (stems, leaves and flowers) oils of A. judaica and A. herba-alba respectively. The major classes of compounds in both plants included oxygenated monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes and hydrocarbons. The prominent components in the oil of A. judaica were β-eudesmol, hexadecanoic acid, spathulenol, eudesma-4 (15),7-dien-1-β-ol, carvacrol and thymol which account for 67.3% of the total essential oils composition (96.7%). While the main oil constituents from A. herba-alba were piperitone, (E)-ethylcinnamate, (Z)-ethylcinnamate, thymol, isophrone which account for 78.0% of the total oil composition (99.6%). Comparison showed similar composition in thymol and spathulenol while in others major constituents, have opposite values. To the best of our knowledge, both plant species (A. judaica and A. herba-alba) from Saudi Arabia were considered for the first time in this study. In addition, the oils of these plants were screened for their bio-activities and were found to possess significant anti-microbial activities.

Original languageEnglish
JournalArabian Journal of Chemistry
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

Thymol
Essential oils
Volatile Oils
Oils
Chemical analysis
Monoterpenes
Plant Oils
Palmitic Acid
Sesquiterpenes
Hydrocarbons
Bioactivity
Gas chromatography
Acids
Oil A
spathulenol

Keywords

  • (Z) and (E)-ethylcinnamate
  • A. herba-alba
  • Anti-microbial activities
  • Artemisia judaica
  • Essential oils
  • Piperitone
  • Thymol
  • β-eudesmol

Cite this

@article{00cf77d701b4416aac1c5c3bee30db5f,
title = "Comparative study on the essential oils of Artemisia judaica and A. herba-alba from Saudi Arabia",
abstract = "The volatile chemical constituents derived from two Asteraceae species (Artemisia judaica and A. herba-alba) were analyzed and compared for the first time using gas chromatography techniques (GC–MS, GC–FID, Co-GC, LRI determination, database and literature searches) on two different stationary phase columns (polar and nonpolar). This analysis led to the identification of a total of 110 and 81 components from whole plant (stems, leaves and flowers) oils of A. judaica and A. herba-alba respectively. The major classes of compounds in both plants included oxygenated monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes and hydrocarbons. The prominent components in the oil of A. judaica were β-eudesmol, hexadecanoic acid, spathulenol, eudesma-4 (15),7-dien-1-β-ol, carvacrol and thymol which account for 67.3{\%} of the total essential oils composition (96.7{\%}). While the main oil constituents from A. herba-alba were piperitone, (E)-ethylcinnamate, (Z)-ethylcinnamate, thymol, isophrone which account for 78.0{\%} of the total oil composition (99.6{\%}). Comparison showed similar composition in thymol and spathulenol while in others major constituents, have opposite values. To the best of our knowledge, both plant species (A. judaica and A. herba-alba) from Saudi Arabia were considered for the first time in this study. In addition, the oils of these plants were screened for their bio-activities and were found to possess significant anti-microbial activities.",
keywords = "(Z) and (E)-ethylcinnamate, A. herba-alba, Anti-microbial activities, Artemisia judaica, Essential oils, Piperitone, Thymol, β-eudesmol",
author = "Al-Wahaibi, {Lamya H.Naser} and Adeem Mahmood and Merajuddin Khan and Alkhathlan, {Hamad Z.}",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
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doi = "10.1016/j.arabjc.2018.03.004",
language = "English",
journal = "Arabian Journal of Chemistry",
issn = "1878-5352",
publisher = "King Saud University",

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Comparative study on the essential oils of Artemisia judaica and A. herba-alba from Saudi Arabia. / Al-Wahaibi, Lamya H.Naser; Mahmood, Adeem; Khan, Merajuddin; Alkhathlan, Hamad Z.

In: Arabian Journal of Chemistry, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Comparative study on the essential oils of Artemisia judaica and A. herba-alba from Saudi Arabia

AU - Al-Wahaibi, Lamya H.Naser

AU - Mahmood, Adeem

AU - Khan, Merajuddin

AU - Alkhathlan, Hamad Z.

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N2 - The volatile chemical constituents derived from two Asteraceae species (Artemisia judaica and A. herba-alba) were analyzed and compared for the first time using gas chromatography techniques (GC–MS, GC–FID, Co-GC, LRI determination, database and literature searches) on two different stationary phase columns (polar and nonpolar). This analysis led to the identification of a total of 110 and 81 components from whole plant (stems, leaves and flowers) oils of A. judaica and A. herba-alba respectively. The major classes of compounds in both plants included oxygenated monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes and hydrocarbons. The prominent components in the oil of A. judaica were β-eudesmol, hexadecanoic acid, spathulenol, eudesma-4 (15),7-dien-1-β-ol, carvacrol and thymol which account for 67.3% of the total essential oils composition (96.7%). While the main oil constituents from A. herba-alba were piperitone, (E)-ethylcinnamate, (Z)-ethylcinnamate, thymol, isophrone which account for 78.0% of the total oil composition (99.6%). Comparison showed similar composition in thymol and spathulenol while in others major constituents, have opposite values. To the best of our knowledge, both plant species (A. judaica and A. herba-alba) from Saudi Arabia were considered for the first time in this study. In addition, the oils of these plants were screened for their bio-activities and were found to possess significant anti-microbial activities.

AB - The volatile chemical constituents derived from two Asteraceae species (Artemisia judaica and A. herba-alba) were analyzed and compared for the first time using gas chromatography techniques (GC–MS, GC–FID, Co-GC, LRI determination, database and literature searches) on two different stationary phase columns (polar and nonpolar). This analysis led to the identification of a total of 110 and 81 components from whole plant (stems, leaves and flowers) oils of A. judaica and A. herba-alba respectively. The major classes of compounds in both plants included oxygenated monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes and hydrocarbons. The prominent components in the oil of A. judaica were β-eudesmol, hexadecanoic acid, spathulenol, eudesma-4 (15),7-dien-1-β-ol, carvacrol and thymol which account for 67.3% of the total essential oils composition (96.7%). While the main oil constituents from A. herba-alba were piperitone, (E)-ethylcinnamate, (Z)-ethylcinnamate, thymol, isophrone which account for 78.0% of the total oil composition (99.6%). Comparison showed similar composition in thymol and spathulenol while in others major constituents, have opposite values. To the best of our knowledge, both plant species (A. judaica and A. herba-alba) from Saudi Arabia were considered for the first time in this study. In addition, the oils of these plants were screened for their bio-activities and were found to possess significant anti-microbial activities.

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KW - Piperitone

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KW - β-eudesmol

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DO - 10.1016/j.arabjc.2018.03.004

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SN - 1878-5352

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