Determination of some heavy metals in eye shadows cosmetics

Hatem Abdel Moniem Ahmed, Khairia Mohamed Ahmed Al-Qahtani, Hanan Emara, Muhammad Jnaeem Janjua, Jnada Alhafez, Mashaeel Bijad Al-Otaibi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Minor quantities of several heavy metals have been documented in cosmetic products as impurities which may lead to various types of skin allergies through percutaneous absorption. This study determined the concentration of heavy metals present in the various samples of eye shadows available in Riyadh markets of Saudi Arabia. A total of 21 popular international eye shadow brands from China, France, Italy and Ireland were tested for the presence of some toxic heavy metals. Eye shadows were categorized in three different types (cheap, medium and expensive) on the base of their price. Eye shadow samples were acid digested in a microwave and contents of lead, cadmium and arsenic were measured by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectroscopy (GFAAS), while mercury was quantified by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS). Results showed that the mean concentration of mercury, arsenic and cadmium were more or less similar in all the three categories (cheap, medium and expensive) of eye shadow samples, whereas the concentration of cadmium was fairly high in cheap eye shadow samples as compared to medium and expensive priced quality. Lead concentration was higher in expensive eye shadows samples than medium and cheap priced samples. This study showed that the mean concentration of toxic heavy metals in all the eye shadow samples were below the US FDA and SFDA permissible limits for cosmetic products with the exception that mercury content in eye shadows samples was higher than SFDA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1441-1446
Number of pages6
JournalAsian Journal of Chemistry
Volume29
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

Fingerprint

Cosmetics
Heavy Metals
Mercury
Cadmium
Poisons
Arsenic
Allergies
Atomic spectroscopy
Atomic absorption spectrometry
Graphite
Absorption spectroscopy
Skin
Furnaces
Microwaves
Impurities
Acids
Lead

Keywords

  • Atomic absorption spectroscopy
  • Eye shadows
  • Heavy metals

Cite this

Ahmed, H. A. M., Al-Qahtani, K. M. A., Emara, H., Janjua, M. J., Alhafez, J., & Al-Otaibi, M. B. (2017). Determination of some heavy metals in eye shadows cosmetics. Asian Journal of Chemistry, 29(7), 1441-1446. https://doi.org/10.14233/ajchem.2017.20499
Ahmed, Hatem Abdel Moniem ; Al-Qahtani, Khairia Mohamed Ahmed ; Emara, Hanan ; Janjua, Muhammad Jnaeem ; Alhafez, Jnada ; Al-Otaibi, Mashaeel Bijad. / Determination of some heavy metals in eye shadows cosmetics. In: Asian Journal of Chemistry. 2017 ; Vol. 29, No. 7. pp. 1441-1446.
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Ahmed, HAM, Al-Qahtani, KMA, Emara, H, Janjua, MJ, Alhafez, J & Al-Otaibi, MB 2017, 'Determination of some heavy metals in eye shadows cosmetics', Asian Journal of Chemistry, vol. 29, no. 7, pp. 1441-1446. https://doi.org/10.14233/ajchem.2017.20499

Determination of some heavy metals in eye shadows cosmetics. / Ahmed, Hatem Abdel Moniem; Al-Qahtani, Khairia Mohamed Ahmed; Emara, Hanan; Janjua, Muhammad Jnaeem; Alhafez, Jnada; Al-Otaibi, Mashaeel Bijad.

In: Asian Journal of Chemistry, Vol. 29, No. 7, 01.01.2017, p. 1441-1446.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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