Formulation and in vitro evaluation of size expanding gastro-retentive systems of levofloxacin hemihydrate

Sally A. El-Zahaby, Abeer A. Kassem, Amal H. El-Kamel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Size increasing (plug-type) levofloxacin hemihydrate (LVF) tablets for eradication of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) were prepared using in situ gel forming polymers including: gellan gum, sodium alginate, pectin and xanthan gum. Effect of cross-linkers: calcium and aluminum chloride, on the drug release was also studied. The prepared tablets were evaluated for their physicochemical parameters: weight variation, thickness, friability, hardness, drug content, water uptake and in vitro drug release. The optimized formula was subjected to further studies such as radial swelling test, FT-IR and DSC. Results revealed that LVF release depends not only on the nature of the matrix but also on the type of cross linker used to form this polymeric matrix. The addition of either calcium chloride or aluminum chloride, as cross-linkers, to gellan gum formulations significantly decreased drug release. Other polymers' formulations resulted in increased drug release upon addition of the same cross-linkers. The formula containing xanthan gum without any cross linker showed the most sustained LVF release with an increase in diameter with time, thus acting as a plug-type dosage form. IR spectra and DSC thermograms of LVF, xanthan gum, and a physical mixture of both, indicated that there was no interaction between the drug and the polymer and confirmed the drug stability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10-18
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Pharmaceutics
Volume464
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Apr 2014

Fingerprint

Levofloxacin
Calcium Chloride
Polymers
Tablets
Drug Stability
Dosage Forms
Hardness
Drug Interactions
Helicobacter pylori
Gels
Weights and Measures
In Vitro Techniques
Drug Liberation
Water
Pharmaceutical Preparations
xanthan gum
gellan gum
aluminum chloride

Keywords

  • Cross-linker
  • Fluoroquinolone
  • Gastroretentive
  • Levofloxacin
  • Plug-type

Cite this

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abstract = "Size increasing (plug-type) levofloxacin hemihydrate (LVF) tablets for eradication of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) were prepared using in situ gel forming polymers including: gellan gum, sodium alginate, pectin and xanthan gum. Effect of cross-linkers: calcium and aluminum chloride, on the drug release was also studied. The prepared tablets were evaluated for their physicochemical parameters: weight variation, thickness, friability, hardness, drug content, water uptake and in vitro drug release. The optimized formula was subjected to further studies such as radial swelling test, FT-IR and DSC. Results revealed that LVF release depends not only on the nature of the matrix but also on the type of cross linker used to form this polymeric matrix. The addition of either calcium chloride or aluminum chloride, as cross-linkers, to gellan gum formulations significantly decreased drug release. Other polymers' formulations resulted in increased drug release upon addition of the same cross-linkers. The formula containing xanthan gum without any cross linker showed the most sustained LVF release with an increase in diameter with time, thus acting as a plug-type dosage form. IR spectra and DSC thermograms of LVF, xanthan gum, and a physical mixture of both, indicated that there was no interaction between the drug and the polymer and confirmed the drug stability.",
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Formulation and in vitro evaluation of size expanding gastro-retentive systems of levofloxacin hemihydrate. / El-Zahaby, Sally A.; Kassem, Abeer A.; El-Kamel, Amal H.

In: International Journal of Pharmaceutics, Vol. 464, No. 1-2, 10.04.2014, p. 10-18.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AB - Size increasing (plug-type) levofloxacin hemihydrate (LVF) tablets for eradication of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) were prepared using in situ gel forming polymers including: gellan gum, sodium alginate, pectin and xanthan gum. Effect of cross-linkers: calcium and aluminum chloride, on the drug release was also studied. The prepared tablets were evaluated for their physicochemical parameters: weight variation, thickness, friability, hardness, drug content, water uptake and in vitro drug release. The optimized formula was subjected to further studies such as radial swelling test, FT-IR and DSC. Results revealed that LVF release depends not only on the nature of the matrix but also on the type of cross linker used to form this polymeric matrix. The addition of either calcium chloride or aluminum chloride, as cross-linkers, to gellan gum formulations significantly decreased drug release. Other polymers' formulations resulted in increased drug release upon addition of the same cross-linkers. The formula containing xanthan gum without any cross linker showed the most sustained LVF release with an increase in diameter with time, thus acting as a plug-type dosage form. IR spectra and DSC thermograms of LVF, xanthan gum, and a physical mixture of both, indicated that there was no interaction between the drug and the polymer and confirmed the drug stability.

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