Inhibition of NF-κB/TNF-α pathway may be involved in the protective effect of resveratrol against cyclophosphamide-induced multi-organ toxicity

Azza A. El-Sheikh, Mohamed A. Morsy, Ahmed M. Okasha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Context: Cyclophosphamide (CyP), an efficient anticancer drug, may damage normal human cells. Resveratrol (RES), a natural polyphenol, has a diverse pharmacological properties. Objective: To test possible protective effect of RES on multi-organ damage caused by CyP. Materials and methods: RES (10 mg/kg/day) was administered orally for 8 days. In independent rat groups, CyP toxicity was induced via a single dose of 150 mg/kg i.p. 3 days before the end of experiment, with or without RES treatment. Results: Compared to control, CyP caused significant increase in organ-to-body weight ratios of heart, kidney and liver, with deterioration in their functional parameters; namely serum creatine kinase, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase. CyP also caused distortion in these organs' histology, with significant tissue oxidative stress, manifested by decrease in reduced glutathione and catalase, as well as increase in malondialdehyde and nitric oxide levels. Furthermore, CyP caused multi-organ inflammatory effects as shown by increased tumor necrosis factor-α levels, as well as up-regulation of nuclear factor-κB expressions. Using RES concurrently with CyP restored heart, kidney and liver functional parameters, as well as their normal histology. RES also reversed oxidative stress, as well as inflammatory signs caused by CyP alone. Conclusions: RES may be beneficial adjuvant that confers multi-organ protection against CyP toxicity via antioxidant and anti-inflammatory mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)180-187
Number of pages8
JournalImmunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology
Volume39
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jul 2017

Fingerprint

Cyclophosphamide
Toxicity
Histology
Oxidative stress
Liver
Oxidative Stress
Kidney
resveratrol
Blood Urea Nitrogen
Polyphenols
Creatine Kinase
Aspartate Aminotransferases
Malondialdehyde
Alanine Transaminase
Catalase
Glutathione
Deterioration
Urea
Rats
Creatinine

Keywords

  • Cyclophosphamide
  • nuclear factor-κB
  • reduced glutathione
  • resveratrol
  • tumor necrosis factor-α

Cite this

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abstract = "Context: Cyclophosphamide (CyP), an efficient anticancer drug, may damage normal human cells. Resveratrol (RES), a natural polyphenol, has a diverse pharmacological properties. Objective: To test possible protective effect of RES on multi-organ damage caused by CyP. Materials and methods: RES (10 mg/kg/day) was administered orally for 8 days. In independent rat groups, CyP toxicity was induced via a single dose of 150 mg/kg i.p. 3 days before the end of experiment, with or without RES treatment. Results: Compared to control, CyP caused significant increase in organ-to-body weight ratios of heart, kidney and liver, with deterioration in their functional parameters; namely serum creatine kinase, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase. CyP also caused distortion in these organs' histology, with significant tissue oxidative stress, manifested by decrease in reduced glutathione and catalase, as well as increase in malondialdehyde and nitric oxide levels. Furthermore, CyP caused multi-organ inflammatory effects as shown by increased tumor necrosis factor-α levels, as well as up-regulation of nuclear factor-κB expressions. Using RES concurrently with CyP restored heart, kidney and liver functional parameters, as well as their normal histology. RES also reversed oxidative stress, as well as inflammatory signs caused by CyP alone. Conclusions: RES may be beneficial adjuvant that confers multi-organ protection against CyP toxicity via antioxidant and anti-inflammatory mechanisms.",
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Inhibition of NF-κB/TNF-α pathway may be involved in the protective effect of resveratrol against cyclophosphamide-induced multi-organ toxicity. / El-Sheikh, Azza A.; Morsy, Mohamed A.; Okasha, Ahmed M.

In: Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology, Vol. 39, No. 4, 04.07.2017, p. 180-187.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Inhibition of NF-κB/TNF-α pathway may be involved in the protective effect of resveratrol against cyclophosphamide-induced multi-organ toxicity

AU - El-Sheikh, Azza A.

AU - Morsy, Mohamed A.

AU - Okasha, Ahmed M.

PY - 2017/7/4

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N2 - Context: Cyclophosphamide (CyP), an efficient anticancer drug, may damage normal human cells. Resveratrol (RES), a natural polyphenol, has a diverse pharmacological properties. Objective: To test possible protective effect of RES on multi-organ damage caused by CyP. Materials and methods: RES (10 mg/kg/day) was administered orally for 8 days. In independent rat groups, CyP toxicity was induced via a single dose of 150 mg/kg i.p. 3 days before the end of experiment, with or without RES treatment. Results: Compared to control, CyP caused significant increase in organ-to-body weight ratios of heart, kidney and liver, with deterioration in their functional parameters; namely serum creatine kinase, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase. CyP also caused distortion in these organs' histology, with significant tissue oxidative stress, manifested by decrease in reduced glutathione and catalase, as well as increase in malondialdehyde and nitric oxide levels. Furthermore, CyP caused multi-organ inflammatory effects as shown by increased tumor necrosis factor-α levels, as well as up-regulation of nuclear factor-κB expressions. Using RES concurrently with CyP restored heart, kidney and liver functional parameters, as well as their normal histology. RES also reversed oxidative stress, as well as inflammatory signs caused by CyP alone. Conclusions: RES may be beneficial adjuvant that confers multi-organ protection against CyP toxicity via antioxidant and anti-inflammatory mechanisms.

AB - Context: Cyclophosphamide (CyP), an efficient anticancer drug, may damage normal human cells. Resveratrol (RES), a natural polyphenol, has a diverse pharmacological properties. Objective: To test possible protective effect of RES on multi-organ damage caused by CyP. Materials and methods: RES (10 mg/kg/day) was administered orally for 8 days. In independent rat groups, CyP toxicity was induced via a single dose of 150 mg/kg i.p. 3 days before the end of experiment, with or without RES treatment. Results: Compared to control, CyP caused significant increase in organ-to-body weight ratios of heart, kidney and liver, with deterioration in their functional parameters; namely serum creatine kinase, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase. CyP also caused distortion in these organs' histology, with significant tissue oxidative stress, manifested by decrease in reduced glutathione and catalase, as well as increase in malondialdehyde and nitric oxide levels. Furthermore, CyP caused multi-organ inflammatory effects as shown by increased tumor necrosis factor-α levels, as well as up-regulation of nuclear factor-κB expressions. Using RES concurrently with CyP restored heart, kidney and liver functional parameters, as well as their normal histology. RES also reversed oxidative stress, as well as inflammatory signs caused by CyP alone. Conclusions: RES may be beneficial adjuvant that confers multi-organ protection against CyP toxicity via antioxidant and anti-inflammatory mechanisms.

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