Prevalence and mechanism of tricuspid regurgitation following implantation of endocardial leads for pacemaker or cardioverter-defibrillator

Maha A. Al-Mohaissen, Kwan Leung Chan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Endocardial lead-induced tricuspid regurgitation has not been well recognized, either clinically or echocardiographically, and yet it is likely a preventable iatrogenic disease. In severe cases, it can lead to right ventricular failure and require tricuspid valve surgery. This complication will become increasingly important, because the numbers of permanent pacemakers and implantable cardioverter-defibrillators are expected to increase because of the aging population and the expanding capabilities of these devices. Published studies are largely retrospective, and serial studies to assess the time course of the development of tricuspid regurgitation are lacking. The mechanisms and severity of tricuspid regurgitation may not be well evaluated by two-dimensional echocardiography. Real-time three-dimensional echocardiography appears to be a promising technique to evaluate the mechanism of tricuspid regurgitation and may allow the early detection of patients who will develop severe lead-induced tricuspid regurgitation. A better understanding of the mechanism of lead-induced tricuspid regurgitation will be essential to the development of preventive strategies, which can then be tested in future clinical trials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-252
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2012

Fingerprint

Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency
Defibrillators
Iatrogenic Disease
Three-Dimensional Echocardiography
Tricuspid Valve
Implantable Defibrillators
Echocardiography
Retrospective Studies
Clinical Trials
Equipment and Supplies
Population
Lead

Keywords

  • 3D echocardiography
  • Lead
  • Pacemaker
  • Tricuspid regurgitation

Cite this

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title = "Prevalence and mechanism of tricuspid regurgitation following implantation of endocardial leads for pacemaker or cardioverter-defibrillator",
abstract = "Endocardial lead-induced tricuspid regurgitation has not been well recognized, either clinically or echocardiographically, and yet it is likely a preventable iatrogenic disease. In severe cases, it can lead to right ventricular failure and require tricuspid valve surgery. This complication will become increasingly important, because the numbers of permanent pacemakers and implantable cardioverter-defibrillators are expected to increase because of the aging population and the expanding capabilities of these devices. Published studies are largely retrospective, and serial studies to assess the time course of the development of tricuspid regurgitation are lacking. The mechanisms and severity of tricuspid regurgitation may not be well evaluated by two-dimensional echocardiography. Real-time three-dimensional echocardiography appears to be a promising technique to evaluate the mechanism of tricuspid regurgitation and may allow the early detection of patients who will develop severe lead-induced tricuspid regurgitation. A better understanding of the mechanism of lead-induced tricuspid regurgitation will be essential to the development of preventive strategies, which can then be tested in future clinical trials.",
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AU - Chan, Kwan Leung

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N2 - Endocardial lead-induced tricuspid regurgitation has not been well recognized, either clinically or echocardiographically, and yet it is likely a preventable iatrogenic disease. In severe cases, it can lead to right ventricular failure and require tricuspid valve surgery. This complication will become increasingly important, because the numbers of permanent pacemakers and implantable cardioverter-defibrillators are expected to increase because of the aging population and the expanding capabilities of these devices. Published studies are largely retrospective, and serial studies to assess the time course of the development of tricuspid regurgitation are lacking. The mechanisms and severity of tricuspid regurgitation may not be well evaluated by two-dimensional echocardiography. Real-time three-dimensional echocardiography appears to be a promising technique to evaluate the mechanism of tricuspid regurgitation and may allow the early detection of patients who will develop severe lead-induced tricuspid regurgitation. A better understanding of the mechanism of lead-induced tricuspid regurgitation will be essential to the development of preventive strategies, which can then be tested in future clinical trials.

AB - Endocardial lead-induced tricuspid regurgitation has not been well recognized, either clinically or echocardiographically, and yet it is likely a preventable iatrogenic disease. In severe cases, it can lead to right ventricular failure and require tricuspid valve surgery. This complication will become increasingly important, because the numbers of permanent pacemakers and implantable cardioverter-defibrillators are expected to increase because of the aging population and the expanding capabilities of these devices. Published studies are largely retrospective, and serial studies to assess the time course of the development of tricuspid regurgitation are lacking. The mechanisms and severity of tricuspid regurgitation may not be well evaluated by two-dimensional echocardiography. Real-time three-dimensional echocardiography appears to be a promising technique to evaluate the mechanism of tricuspid regurgitation and may allow the early detection of patients who will develop severe lead-induced tricuspid regurgitation. A better understanding of the mechanism of lead-induced tricuspid regurgitation will be essential to the development of preventive strategies, which can then be tested in future clinical trials.

KW - 3D echocardiography

KW - Lead

KW - Pacemaker

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